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Watering

No (or minimal) watering should be required at this time of year. Plants that are too wet run the risk of rotting off.

Make sure outdoor pots are not standing in puddles of water. It will kill them. During severe weather, move shrubs in pots under cover.

picture of a lady ready to pot a plant

GARDENING CALENDAR JANUARY

There’s not a lot happening outside this month, but this is the time of year that we are busy taking deliveries of shop sundries ahead of the new season. And of course there’s always maintenance work to be done.

The first sign that spring is around the corner is the arrival of our seed potatoes and onion sets, closely followed by spring bulbs.

January can be one of the hardest months for wildlife so remember to feed the birds. And then at the end of the month you can participate in the RSPB Big Garden Birdwatch.

vegetables and flowers to sow in january

Sowing

Sow onions, shallots and garlic now for big, juicy bulbs if conditions allow.

Pruning

Dead-head winter-flowering pansies but don't feed them.

Prune grapes and ornamental vines.

Prune roses.

Give wisterias their winter prune cutting back sideshoots to 2.5-5cm/1-2in long.

Take yellow leaves off brassica plants.

Cut back deciduous ornamental grasses to allow the new growth through.

You can take old leaves off hellebores. This will allow more space for the spring blooms.

Things to do in the garden

Shred your Christmas tree and use the resulting material as a garden mulch.

Start chitting early potatoes.

Keep a check on corms and tubers in store – give them a regular look over to check for rot and dehydration.

Clear leaves and debris from borders underplanted with bulbs so you can see their flowers.

Protect crocuses from birds by pushing short twigs around the plants.

Protect winter salad crops if the weather is really cold.

Harvest winter cabbage, sprouts, leeks and parsnips.

Give the greenhouse a good clean.

Last chance to give your bird nesting boxes a good clean – if possible using boiling water. Bird Protection Law permits the cleaning out of nests between 1 September and 31 January.

Don't forget to feed the birds and provide water when natural sources are frozen.

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